The United States census of 1950, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 150,697,361, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 census. This was the first census in which:
- More than one state recorded a population of over 10 million
- Every state and territory recorded a population of over 100,000
- All 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 100,000
The 1950 census collected the following information from all respondents:
- whether house is on a farm
- relationship to head of household
- marital status
- if foreign born, whether naturalized
- employment status
- hours worked in week
- occupation, industry and class of worker
In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering income, marital history, fertility, and other topics. Full documentation on the 1950 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
Microdata from the 1950 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information became available in April 2022.
On April 1, 2022, 72 years after the census was taken, the National Archives and Records Administration released scanned census enumeration sheets to the general public. Soon after, census data will also be made freely searchable by name at other websites.
|Rank||State||Population as of
|Population as of
|1||New York||14,830,192||13,479,142||1,351,050||10.0% |
|8||New Jersey||4,835,329||4,160,165||675,164||16.2% |
|10||North Carolina||4,061,929||3,571,623||490,306||13.7% |
|27||South Carolina||2,117,027||1,899,804||217,223||11.4% |
|29||West Virginia||2,005,552||1,901,974||103,578||5.4% |
|—||District of Columbia||802,178||663,091||139,087||21.0% |
|36||Rhode Island||791,896||713,346||78,550||11.0% |
|39||New Mexico||681,187||531,818||149,369||28.1% |
|40||South Dakota||652,740||642,961||9,779||1.5% |
|41||North Dakota||619,636||641,935||−22,299||−3.5% |
|44||New Hampshire||533,242||491,524||41,718||8.5% |
|—||United States||151,325,798||132,164,569||19,161,229||14.5% |
- "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- "1950 Census on Track for 2022 Release, Despite Pandemic". National Archives and Records Administration. April 30, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
- "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
- "The "72-Year Rule" – History". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "Free 1950 Census Search". Historic Journals LLC. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
- Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, United States Census Bureau, 1998
- "Regions and Divisions". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.