In 45 of the 50 states of the United States, the county is used for the level of local government immediately below the state itself. Louisiana uses parishes, and Alaska uses boroughs. In Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island, some or all counties within states have no governments of their own; the counties continue to exist as legal entities, however, and are used by states for some administrative functions and by the United States Census bureau for statistical analysis. There are 3,242 counties and county equivalent administrative units in total, including the District of Columbia and 100 county-equivalents in the U.S. territories.
There are 41 independent cities in the United States. In Virginia, any municipality that is incorporated as a city legally becomes independent of any county. Where indicated, the statistics below do not include Virginia's 38 independent cities.
In Alaska, most of the land area of the state has no county-level government. Those parts of the state are divided by the United States Census Bureau into census areas, which are not the same as boroughs. The state's largest statistical division by area is the Yukon–Koyukuk Census Area, which is larger than any of the state's boroughs. Although Anchorage is called a municipality, it is considered a consolidated city and borough.
There are 100 county-equivalents in the territories of the United States: they are the 3 districts and 2 atolls of American Samoa, all of Guam (Guam as one single county-equivalent), the 4 municipalities in the Northern Mariana Islands, the 78 municipalities of Puerto Rico, the 3 main islands of the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the 9 islands in the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands. All of these territorial county-equivalents are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau.
Lists of counties and county equivalents by number per political division:
|254||Texas||The most counties of any U.S. state|
|133||Virginia||including 38 independent cities|
|115||Missouri||including 1 independent city|
|78||Puerto Rico||Puerto Rico has no counties. The 78 municipalities of Puerto Rico are counted as county-equivalents by the U.S. Census Bureau.|
|64||Louisiana||Louisiana has no counties. The 64 parishes of Louisiana are counted as county-equivalents by the U.S. Census Bureau.|
|62||New York||New York City is a sui generis jurisdiction, in which the city government consists of 5 boroughs each coterminous with a county of New York State.|
|30||Alaska||Alaska has no counties. The following areas in Alaska are counted as county-equivalents: the 19 organized boroughs and, in its Unorganized Borough, 11 designated census areas.|
|24||Maryland||including 1 independent city|
|17||Nevada||including 1 independent city|
|14||Massachusetts||8 of the 14 counties in Massachusetts were disincorporated in the 1990s and early 2000s; local government in these areas consists of cities and towns. One of the remaining 6 counties is a consolidated town-county.|
|9||U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||The U.S. Minor Outlying Islands does not have counties. The 9 islands in the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands are counted as county-equivalents by the U.S. Census Bureau.|
|8||Connecticut||County government was abolished in Connecticut in 1960; local government consists of cities, towns, and boroughs.|
|5||American Samoa||The 3 districts and 2 unorganized atolls of American Samoa are counted as county-equivalents by the U.S. Census Bureau. American Samoa locally has 14 “counties”, but these “counties” are not counted as counties by the U.S. Census Bureau (they are treated as “minor civil divisions”).|
|5||Rhode Island||Counties in Rhode Island have no governmental functions; local government is provided by eight cities and thirty-one towns|
|4||Northern Mariana Islands||The Northern Mariana Islands has no counties. The 4 municipalities of the Northern Mariana Islands are counted as county-equivalents by the U.S. Census Bureau.|
|3||Delaware||The fewest counties of any U.S. state|
|3||Virgin Islands (U.S.)||The U.S. Virgin Islands has no counties. The 3 main islands of the U.S. Virgin Islands are counted as county-equivalents by the U.S. Census Bureau.|
|1||District of Columbia||The District of Columbia has no counties; the District of Columbia is considered both a state-equivalent and a county equivalent for statistical purposes|
|1||Guam||Guam has no counties; Guam is considered both a state-equivalent and a county-equivalent for statistical purposes by the U.S. Census Bureau (similar to the District of Columbia).|
- Total (50 states and District of Columbia): 3,143 (3,007 counties and 136 county equivalents)
- Total (50 states, District of Columbia and territories): 3,243 (3,007 counties and 236 county equivalents)
- Average number of counties per state (not including D.C. and the territories): 62.84[note 1]
- Average number of counties per state (including D.C. and the territories): 56.8947368421[note 2]
Nationwide population extremes
These rankings include county equivalents.
The following is a list of the least populous counties and county-equivalents in all U.S. territory. Note that the only entity on this list with a permanent human population is Swains Island, American Samoa. The first 8 counties (county-equivalents) are uninhabited, while the 10th on the list (Palmyra Atoll) has a small non-permanent human population whose maximum capacity is 20 people.
|1||Baker Island, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0|
|2||Howland Island, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0|
|3||Jarvis Island, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0|
|4||Johnston Atoll, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0|
|5||Kingman Reef, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0|
|6||Navassa Island, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0|
|7||Northern Islands Municipality, Northern Mariana Islands||0|
|8||Rose Atoll, American Samoa||0|
|9||Swains Island, American Samoa||17|
|10||Palmyra Atoll, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||20 [note 3]|
Swains Island, American Samoa — the least-populous permanently-inhabited county or county-equivalent in the United States
Loving County, Texas, the least populous county in the main 50-states in the United States.
Population per state or territory
Nationwide land area extremes
The largest counties and county-equivalents are organized boroughs and the census areas of Alaska with the top two being Yukon–Koyukuk Census Area (145,504.79 sq mi or 376,855.7 km2) and North Slope Borough (88,695.41 sq mi or 229,720.1 km2). The smallest counties and county equivalents (in the 50 states) are the independent cities of Virginia with the extreme being Falls Church at 2.05 sq mi (5.3 km2; 1,310 acres). If the U.S. territories are included, the smallest county-equivalent is Kingman Reef, with a land area of 0.012 square miles (3.1 ha; 7.7 acres).
The following two tables exclude county-equivalents:
|1||San Bernardino County, California||20,056.94||51,947.24|
|2||Coconino County, Arizona||18,618.89||48,222.70|
|3||Nye County, Nevada||18,181.92||47,090.96|
|4||Elko County, Nevada||17,169.83||44,469.66|
|5||Mohave County, Arizona||13,311.08||34,475.54|
|6||Apache County, Arizona||11,197.52||29,001.44|
|7||Lincoln County, Nevada||10,633.20||27,539.86|
|8||Sweetwater County, Wyoming||10,426.65||27,004.90|
|9||Inyo County, California||10,180.88||26,368.36|
|10||Harney County, Oregon||10,133.17||26,244.79|
|1||Kalawao County, Hawaii||11.99||31.05|
|2||New York County, New York||22.83||59.13|
|3||Bristol County, Rhode Island||24.16||62.57|
|4||Arlington County, Virginia||25.97||67.26|
|5||Broomfield County, Colorado||33.03||85.55|
|6||Bronx County, New York||42.10||109.04|
|7||Nantucket County, Massachusetts||44.97||116.47|
|8||Hudson County, New Jersey||46.19||119.63|
|9||San Francisco County, California||46.87||121.39|
|10||Suffolk County, Massachusetts||58.15||150.61|
The following two tables include county-equivalents: [note 8]
|1||Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska||145,899.69||377,868.5|
|2||North Slope Borough, Alaska||88.817.12||230,035.3|
|3||Bethel Census Area, Alaska||40.633.31||105,239.8|
|4||Northwest Arctic Borough, Alaska||35,898.34||92,976.3|
|5||Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska||34,319.1||88,886|
|6||Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska||24,814.86||64,270.2|
|7||Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska||24,681.54||63,924.9|
|8||Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska||23,781.96||61,595.0|
|9||Nome Census Area, Alaska||23,000.91||59,572|
|10||San Bernardino County, California||20,052.5||51,936|
|1||Kingman Reef, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0.01||0.03|
|2||Rose Atoll, American Samoa||0.1||0.3|
|3||Baker Island, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0.5||1.4|
|4||Howland Island, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0.6||1.6|
|5||Swains Island, American Samoa||1||2.6|
|6||Johnston Atoll, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||1.1||2.8|
|7||Jarvis Island, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||1.7||4.5|
|8||Navassa Island, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||2.08||5.4|
|9||Independent City of Falls Church, Virginia||2.1||5.44|
|10||Midway Atoll, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||2.4||6.2|
- Largest county or county-equivalent: Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska
- Largest true county: San Bernardino County, California
- Smallest county or county-equivalent: Kingman Reef, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
- Smallest county or county-equivalent in the 50 states: Independent City of Falls Church, Virginia
- Smallest true county: Kalawao County, Hawaii
San Bernardino County, California, the largest county in the United States by land area (excluding county-equivalents)
Kalawao County, Hawaii, the smallest county in the United States by land area (excluding county-equivalents)
Yukon–Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, the largest county or county-equivalent by land area in the United States
Kingman Reef, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands, the smallest county or county-equivalent by land area in the United States
Smallest, largest, and average area per state and territory
The following is a list of counties and county-equivalents showing the average size of each state/territory’s counties, the smallest county (or equivalent) in each state/territory, and the largest county (or equivalent) in each state/territory. States/territories on the list are arranged by the average land area of their counties. Though not on the list, the North Slope Borough is the largest independently incorporated county equivalent. The Unorganized Borough is substantially larger, but is an extension of the State of Alaska government and not independently incorporated.[A]
Also note that the smallest land area with county-level governance in the U.S. is Falls Church, Virginia, but it is an independent city and not a county or part of one. Kingman Reef is the smallest county-equivalent in all U.S. territory (though it has no government). Kalawao County, Hawaii is the smallest true county by land area.
|Avg. county land area, sq. mi. (km²)||Smallest county||Area, sq. mi. (km²)||Largest county||area, sq. mi. (km²)|
|The 50 states & D.C.||1,124.09 (2,911.4)[note 9]||Independent City of Falls Church, Virginia||2.0 (5.2)||Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska[note 10]||145,505 (376,860)|
|The 50 states, D.C.
& U.S. territories
|1,090.69 (2,824.9)[note 11]||Kingman Reef, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||0.01 (0.026)||Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska||145,505 (376,860)|
|Alaska||8,545.7 (22,133)||Skagway Municipality||452.3 (1,171)||Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area||145,505 (376,860)|
|Arizona||7,572.9 (19,614)||Santa Cruz County||1,236.9 (3,204)||Coconino County||18,618.8 (48,222)|
|Nevada||6,457.7 (16,725)||City of Carson City||144.6 (375)||Nye County||18,181.9 (47,091)|
|Wyoming||4,221.4 (10,933)||Hot Springs County||2,004.0 (5,190)||Sweetwater County||10,426.6 (27,005)|
|New Mexico||3,675.7 (9,520)||Los Alamos County||109.1 (283)||Catron County||6,923.6 (17,932)|
|Utah||2,833.4 (7,338)||Davis County||298.7 (774)||San Juan County||7,819.9 (20,253)|
|California||2,685.8 (6,956)||San Francisco County||46.8 (121)||San Bernardino County||20,056.9 (51,947)|
|Oregon||2,666.3 (6,906)||Multnomah County||431.3 (1,117)||Harney County||10,133.1 (26,245)|
|Montana||2,599.0 (6,731)||Silver Bow County||718.4 (1,861)||Beaverhead County||5,541.6 (14,353)|
|Maine||1,927.7 (4,993)||Sagadahoc County||253.6 (657)||Aroostook County||6,671.3 (17,279)|
|Idaho||1,878.3 (4,865)||Payette County||406.8 (1,054)||Idaho County||8,477.3 (21,956)|
|Washington||1,704.0 (4,413)||San Juan County||173.9 (450)||Okanogan County||5,267.9 (13,644)|
|Colorado||1,619.4 (4,194)||Broomfield County||33.0 (85)||Las Animas County||4,772.6 (12,361)|
|North Dakota||1,301.9 (3,372)||Eddy County||630.1 (1,632)||McKenzie County||2,760.3 (7,149)|
|Hawaii||1,284.5 (3,327)||Kalawao County||11.9 (31)||Hawaii County||4,028.4 (10,434)|
|South Dakota||1,148.7 (2,975)||Clay County||412.1 (1,067)||Meade County||3,470.9 (8,990)|
|Texas||1,028.5 (2,664)||Rockwall County||127.0 (329)||Brewster County||6,183.7 (16,016)|
|Minnesota||915.2 (2,370)||Ramsey County||152.2 (394)||St. Louis County||6,247.4 (16,181)|
|New Hampshire||895.3 (2,319)||Strafford County||368.9 (955)||Coos County||1,794.6 (4,648)|
|Oklahoma||890.8 (2,307)||Marshall County||371.0 (961)||Osage County||2,246.3 (5,818)|
|Nebraska||826.1 (2,140)||Sarpy County||238.9 (619)||Cherry County||5,960.4 (15,437)|
|Florida||800.4 (2,073)||Union County||243.5 (631)||Collier County||1,998.3 (5,176)|
|Kansas||778.7 (2,017)||Wyandotte County||151.6 (393)||Butler County||1,429.8 (3,703)|
|Alabama||767.4 (1,988)||Etowah County||534.9 (1,385)||Baldwin County||1,589.7 (4,117)|
|New York||760.1 (1,969)||New York County||22.8 (59)||St. Lawrence County||2,680.3 (6,942)|
|Wisconsin||752.2 (1,948)||Pepin County||231.9 (601)||Marathon County||1,544.9 (4,001)|
|Arkansas||693.8 (1,797)||Lafayette County||528.2 (1,368)||Union County||1,039.2 (2,692)|
|Michigan||681.2 (1,764)||Benzie County||319.7 (828)||Marquette County||1,808.4 (4,684)|
|Louisiana||675.1 (1,749)||Orleans Parish||169.4 (439)||Vernon Parish||1,327.9 (3,439)|
|Pennsylvania||667.8 (1,730)||Montour County||130.2 (337)||Lycoming County||1,228.5 (3,182)|
|Vermont||658.3 (1,705)||Grand Isle County||81.8 (212)||Windsor County||969.3 (2,510)|
|South Carolina||653.5 (1,693)||McCormick County||359.1 (930)||Horry County||1,133.9 (2,937)|
|Delaware||649.5 (1,682)||New Castle County||426.2 (1,104)||Sussex County||936.0 (2,424)|
|Connecticut||605.3 (1,568)||Middlesex County||369.3 (956)||Litchfield County||920.5 (2,384)|
|Missouri||597.8 (1,548)||City of St. Louis||61.9 (160)||Texas County||1,177.2 (3,049)|
|Mississippi||572.2 (1,482)||Alcorn County||400.0 (1,036)||Yazoo County||922.9 (2,390)|
|Iowa||564.2 (1,461)||Dickinson County||380.6 (986)||Kossuth County||972.7 (2,519)|
|Massachusetts||557.1 (1,443)||Nantucket County||44.9 (116)||Worcester County||1,510.7 (3,913)|
|Illinois||544.3 (1,410)||Putnam County||160.1 (415)||McLean County||1,183.3 (3,065)|
|North Carolina||486.2 (1,259)||Chowan County||172.4 (447)||Robeson County||949.2 (2,458)|
|Ohio||464.3 (1,203)||Lake County||227.4 (589)||Ashtabula County||701.9 (1,818)|
|West Virginia||437.1 (1,132)||Hancock County||82.6 (214)||Randolph County||1,039.6 (2,693)|
|Tennessee||434.1 (1,124)||Trousdale County||114.1 (296)||Shelby County||763.1 (1,976)|
|Maryland||404.5 (1,048)||City of Baltimore||80.9 (210)||Frederick County||660.2 (1,710)|
|Indiana||389.4 (1,009)||Ohio County||86.1 (223)||Allen County||657.3 (1,702)|
|Georgia||361.7 (937)||Clarke County||119.2 (309)||Ware County||892.4 (2,311)|
|New Jersey||350.2 (907)||Hudson County||46.1 (119)||Burlington County||798.5 (2,068)|
|Kentucky||329.1 (852)||Robertson County||99.9 (259)||Pike County||786.8 (2,038)|
|Virginia||294.7 (763)||Independent City of Falls Church||2.0 (5.2)||Pittsylvania County||968.9 (2,509)|
|Guam||210 (540)||Guam||210 (540)||Guam||210 (540)|
|Rhode Island||206.8 (536)||Bristol County||24.1 (62)||Providence County||409.5 (1,061)|
|District of Columbia||61.05 (158.1)||District of Columbia||61.05 (158.1)||District of Columbia||61.05 (158.1)|
|Puerto Rico||45.06 (116.7)||Cataño Municipality||4.84 (12.5)||Arecibo Municipality||125.95 (326.2)|
|Northern Mariana Islands||44.75 (115.9)||Rota Municipality||32.97 (85.4)||Northern Islands Municipality||59.75 (154.8)|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||44.57 (115.4)||Saint John||20 (52)||Saint Croix||84 (220)|
|American Samoa||15.4 (40)||Rose Atoll||0.083 (0.21)||Western District||28.87 (74.8)|
|U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||1.46 (3.8)||Kingman Reef||0.01 (0.026)||Palmyra Atoll||4.59 (11.9)|
Most densely populated
Data presented below is based on U.S. Census department data from 2010. Calculations are made by dividing the population by the land area. All county equivalents are included. This list includes the 50 most densely-populated counties and county-equivalents in the 50 states and District of Columbia, plus the 9 highest-density municipalities (county-equivalents) of Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is the only U.S. territory with population densities (of county-equivalents) high enough to be on this list. Note that many of these high-density counties are coterminous with large cities (for example San Francisco and Philadelphia) or are independent cities in Virginia (as well as Baltimore and St. Louis) which are considered county-equivalents.
Least densely populated
This list was generated by dividing the population by the land area. All county equivalents are included. The list is dominated by just a few states: Alaska, Montana, and Texas together comprise about two-thirds of the entries.The Unorganized Borough is not included here as a unit, but its census areas (non-governmental entities) are. If the census areas were removed from the list, the Unorganized Borough would rank fourteenth with a density of 0.38 per square mile (0.15/km2).
The 8 uninhabited county-equivalents in the U.S. territories are listed at the top of the table — these are technically the least-densely populated counties/county-equivalents in the United States, but since they have no people, they are listed unranked.
Population density per state and territory
Data presented below is based on U.S. Census Bureau data from 2010. Calculations are made by dividing the population by the land area. All county equivalents are included.
Excluding the census areas of Alaska, Lake and Peninsula Borough is the least densely populated county equivalent with 0.069/sq mi (0.027/km2).
|Least densely populated county||Population density||Most densely populated county||Population density|
|Alabama||Wilcox County||13.13/sq mi (5.07/km2)||Jefferson County||592.53/sq mi (228.78/km2)|
|Alaska||Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area||0.03/sq mi (0.012/km2)||Anchorage Municipality||171.19/sq mi (66.10/km2)|
|American Samoa||Rose Atoll [note 12]||0.00/sq mi (0/km2)||Western District||1,139.00/sq mi (439.77/km2)|
|Arizona||La Paz County||4.55/sq mi (1.76/km2)||Maricopa County||414.89/sq mi (160.19/km2)|
|Arkansas||Calhoun County||8.53/sq mi (3.29/km2)||Pulaski County||503.77/sq mi (194.51/km2)|
|California||Alpine County||1.59/sq mi (0.61/km2)||San Francisco County||17,179.15/sq mi (6,632.91/km2)|
|Colorado||Hinsdale County||0.75/sq mi (0.29/km2)||Denver County||3,922.59/sq mi (1,514.52/km2)|
|Connecticut||Litchfield County||206.31/sq mi (79.66/km2)||Fairfield County||1,467.18/sq mi (566.48/km2)|
|Delaware||Sussex County||210.60/sq mi (81.31/km2)||New Castle County||1,263.18/sq mi (487.72/km2)|
|District of Columbia||District of Columbia||9,857.20/sq mi (3,805.89/km2)||District of Columbia||9,857.20/sq mi (3,805.89/km2)|
|Florida||Liberty County||10.01/sq mi (3.86/km2)||Pinellas County||3,347.50/sq mi (1,292.48/km2)|
|Georgia||Clinch County||8.49/sq mi (3.28/km2)||DeKalb County||2,585.72/sq mi (998.35/km2)|
|Guam||Guam||759.60/sq mi (293.28/km2)||Guam||759.60/sq mi (293.28/km2)|
|Hawaii||Kalawao County||7.50/sq mi (2.90/km2)||Honolulu County||1,586.71/sq mi (612.63/km2)|
|Idaho||Clark County||0.55/sq mi (0.21/km2)||Ada County||372.76/sq mi (143.92/km2)|
|Illinois||Pope County||12.12/sq mi (4.68/km2)||Cook County||5,495.11/sq mi (2,121.67/km2)|
|Indiana||Benton County||21.78/sq mi (8.41/km2)||Marion County||2,279.57/sq mi (880.15/km2)|
|Iowa||Adams County||9.51/sq mi (3.67/km2)||Polk County||750.51/sq mi (289.77/km2)|
|Kansas||Greeley County||1.60/sq mi (0.62/km2)||Johnson County||1,149.57/sq mi (443.85/km2)|
|Kentucky||Hickman County||20.23/sq mi (7.81/km2)||Jefferson County||1,948.11/sq mi (752.17/km2)|
|Louisiana||Cameron Parish||5.32/sq mi (2.05/km2)||Orleans Parish||2,029.41/sq mi (783.56/km2)|
|Maine||Piscataquis County||4.42/sq mi (1.71/km2)||Cumberland County||337.23/sq mi (130.21/km2)|
|Maryland||Garrett County||46.51/sq mi (17.96/km2)||City of Baltimore||7,671.51/sq mi (2,961.99/km2)|
|Massachusetts||Franklin County||102.05/sq mi (39.40/km2)||Suffolk County||12,416.78/sq mi (4,794.15/km2)|
|Michigan||Keweenaw County||3.99/sq mi (1.54/km2)||Wayne County||2,974.42/sq mi (1,148.43/km2)|
|Minnesota||Lake of the Woods County||3.11/sq mi (1.20/km2)||Ramsey County||3,341.64/sq mi (1,290.21/km2)|
|Mississippi||Issaquena County||3.40/sq mi (1.31/km2)||DeSoto County||338.66/sq mi (130.76/km2)|
|Missouri||Worth County||8.14/sq mi (3.14/km2)||City of St. Louis||5,157.48/sq mi (1,991.31/km2)|
|Montana||Garfield County||0.25/sq mi (0.097/km2)||Yellowstone County||56.19/sq mi (21.70/km2)|
|Nebraska||McPherson County||0.63/sq mi (0.24/km2)||Douglas County||1,574.37/sq mi (607.87/km2)|
|Nevada||Esmeralda County||0.21/sq mi (0.081/km2)||Carson City||382.09/sq mi (147.53/km2)|
|New Hampshire||Coos County||18.41/sq mi (7.11/km2)||Hillsborough County||457.37/sq mi (176.59/km2)|
|New Jersey||Salem County||199.10/sq mi (76.87/km2)||Hudson County||13,731.61/sq mi (5,301.80/km2)|
|New Mexico||Harding County||0.32/sq mi (0.12/km2)||Bernalillo County||570.76/sq mi (220.37/km2)|
|New York||Hamilton County||2.81/sq mi (1.08/km2)||New York County||69,468.42/sq mi (26,821.91/km2)|
|North Carolina||Hyde County||9.48/sq mi (3.66/km2)||Mecklenburg County||1,755.54/sq mi (677.82/km2)|
|North Dakota||Billings County||0.68/sq mi (0.26/km2)||Cass County||84.86/sq mi (32.76/km2)|
|Northern Mariana Islands||Northern Islands Municipality [note 13]||0.00/sq mi (0/km2)||Saipan Municipality||1,050.80/sq mi (405.72/km2)|
|Ohio||Monroe County||32.12/sq mi (12.40/km2)||Cuyahoga County||2,799.95/sq mi (1,081.07/km2)|
|Oklahoma||Cimarron County||1.34/sq mi (0.52/km2)||Tulsa County||1,058.14/sq mi (408.55/km2)|
|Oregon||Harney County||0.73/sq mi (0.28/km2)||Multnomah County||1,704.93/sq mi (658.28/km2)|
|Pennsylvania||Cameron County||12.83/sq mi (4.95/km2)||Philadelphia County||11,379.49/sq mi (4,393.65/km2)|
|Puerto Rico||Culebra Municipality||156.40/sq mi (60.39/km2)||San Juan Municipality||8,262.30/sq mi (3,190.09/km2)|
|Rhode Island||Washington County||385.67/sq mi (148.91/km2)||Bristol County||2,064.00/sq mi (796.91/km2)|
|South Carolina||Allendale County||25.53/sq mi (9.86/km2)||Greenville County||574.72/sq mi (221.90/km2)|
|South Dakota||Harding County||0.47/sq mi (0.18/km2)||Minnehaha County||209.95/sq mi (81.06/km2)|
|Tennessee||Perry County||19.08/sq mi (7.37/km2)||Davidson County||1,243.33/sq mi (480.05/km2)|
|Texas||Loving County||0.12/sq mi (0.046/km2)||Dallas County||2,718.00/sq mi (1,049.43/km2)|
|U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||6 entities [note 14]||0.00/sq mi (0/km2)||Wake Island||39.80/sq mi (15.37/km2)|
|Utah||Garfield County||0.99/sq mi (0.38/km2)||Salt Lake County||1,387.14/sq mi (535.58/km2)|
|Vermont||Essex County||9.50/sq mi (3.67/km2)||Chittenden County||291.74/sq mi (112.64/km2)|
|Virgin Islands (U.S.)||Saint John Island||211.80/sq mi (81.78/km2)||Saint Thomas Island||1,649.10/sq mi (636.72/km2)|
|Virginia||Highland County||5.59/sq mi (2.16/km2)||Alexandria City||9,314.30/sq mi (3,596.27/km2)|
|Washington||Garfield County||3.18/sq mi (1.23/km2)||King County||912.87/sq mi (352.46/km2)|
|West Virginia||Pocahontas County||9.27/sq mi (3.58/km2)||Ohio County||419.98/sq mi (162.16/km2)|
|Wisconsin||Iron County||7.80/sq mi (3.01/km2)||Milwaukee County||3,925.95/sq mi (1,515.82/km2)|
|Wyoming||Niobrara County||0.94/sq mi (0.36/km2)||Laramie County||34.15/sq mi (13.19/km2)|
^ A: The Unorganized Borough, Alaska, formed by the Borough Act of 1961, is a legal entity, run by the Alaska state government as an extension of State government, it and the independently incorporated Unified, Home Rule, First Class and Second Class boroughs roughly correspond to parishes in Louisiana and to counties in the other 48 states.
- Number produced by diving 3,142 by 50 — Note it is 3,142 and not 3,143 (because the District of Columbia is not counted)
- Number produced by dividing 3,243 by 57 (the number 57 represents the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the 5 inhabited territories, and the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands as one entity
- Non-permanent human population
- The District of Columbia has only one county-equivalent: itself.
- Guam has only one county-equivalent: itself.
- The 6 county-equivalents in the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands with zero people are Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef and Navassa Island. The other 3 island territories in the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands have small non-permanent human populations.
- Wake Island’s population is non-permanent.
- Note: the lists below rank locations by land area — the ranking would be different if they were ranked by total area.
- If including water area, the average county size of counties and county-equivalents in the 50 states and D.C. is 1,208.38 square miles
- North Slope Borough, Alaska is the largest independently incorporated county-equivalent.
- If including water area, the average county size of counties and county-equivalents in all U.S. territory is 1,172.38 square miles
- The least-densely populated inhabited county-equivalent in American Samoa is Swains Island, which has 18.1 people per square mile.
- The least-densely populated inhabited county-equivalent in the Northern Mariana Islands is Tinian Municipality, which has 75.0 people per square mile.
- The 6 county-equivalents in the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands with zero people are Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef and Navassa Island. The least-densely populated entity with a human population is Palmyra Atoll, which has 4.3 people per square mile.
- https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/codes/cou.html ‘’2010 FIPS Codes for Counties and County Equivalent Entities.’’ Census.gov. Retrieved June 2019.
- https://www2.census.gov/geo/pdfs/reference/GARM/Ch4GARM.pdf ‘’States, Counties, and Statistically Equivalent Entities (Chapter 4).’’ Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20151018122108/https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/ansi_statetables.html FIPS State Codes for the Outlying Areas of the United States and the Freely Associated States. [info about USMOI] (archived). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 2019.
- An Overview of County Government Archived July 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, National Association of Counties website, accessed January 5, 2008
- "Chapter 4: States, Counties, and Statistically Equivalent Entities". Geographic Areas Reference Manual (PDF). U.S. Department of Commerce. November 1994. p. 4-2.
- "2021 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
- CIA World Factbook — Palmyra Atoll. Retrieved June 2019.
- "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
- "Census QuickFacts". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
- https://www.britannica.com/place/Kingman-Reef ‘’Kingman Reef.’’ Britannica.com. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
- "2010 Census Summary File 1: GEOGRAPHIC IDENTIFIERS". American Factfinder. US Census. Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "Alaska Statutes Title 29 Chapter 03. The Unorganized Borough". Local Government On-Line, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. August 18, 1998. Retrieved 2008-07-17.
- "Local Government in Alaska" (PDF). Local Boundary Commission, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. February 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2008-07-17.
- Labor Statistics County Employment and Wages