Left: Map of U.S. states and territories by life expectancy in 2018. Right: Life Expectancy by county in 2018 (excluding counties in the U.S. territories), found in interactive versions at two sources[1][2]

This article presents a list of United States states and territories sorted by their life expectancy at birth, sex, race, and in the past. The data in the 2018 column is taken from work funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation for the 50 states and the District of Columbia;[3] from the World Bank for Guam, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands; and from the CIA World Factbook for American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands.[4] Data in the 2010 columns comes from Health Data.[5]

Overall, life expectancy at birth in Hawaii, California, and New York (state) are among the longest in the nation, while life expectancy at birth in Mississippi, American Samoa, and West Virginia are among the shortest in the nation.

The life expectancy in some states has fallen in recent years; for example, Maine's life expectancy in 2010 was 79.1 years, and in 2018 it was 78.7 years. The Washington Post noted in November 2018 that overall life expectancy in the United States was declining although in 2018 life expectancy had a slight increase of 0.1 and bringing it to having not changed since 2010.[6]

Life expectancy in 2019

Rank State/Territory Life Expectancy 2019[3]
1.  Hawaii 82.3
2.  California 81.7
3.  New York 81.4
4.  Minnesota 80.9
5.  Connecticut 80.9
6.  Massachusetts 80.6
7  Colorado 80.6
8.  New Jersey 80.5
9.  Washington 80.4
10.  Florida 80.2
11.  Utah 80.1
12.  Arizona 80.0
13.  Oregon 79.9
-  Guam[4] 79.9
14.  Rhode Island 79.8
15.  Vermont 79.8
-  Puerto Rico[4] 79.8
16.  North Dakota 79.7
17.  New Hampshire 79.7
18.  Nebraska 79.6
-  U.S. Virgin Islands[4] 79.6
19.  Virginia 79.5
20.  Wisconsin 79.5
21.  Iowa 79.4
22.  Idaho 79.4
23.  Illinois 79.4
24.  Texas 79.5
25.  Maryland 79.2
26.  Alaska 79.0
27.  District of Columbia 79.0
28.  South Dakota 78.9
29.  Wyoming 78.9
30.  Montana 78.9
-  United States 78.8[7]
31.  Maine 78.7
32.  Nevada 78.7
33.  Kansas 78.5
34.  Delaware 78.5
35.  Pennsylvania 78.4
36.  North Carolina 78.1
37.  New Mexico 78.0
38.  Michigan 78.1
39. Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 77.9
40.  Missouri 77.3
41.  South Carolina 77.1
42.  Indiana 77.1
43.  Ohio 77.0
-  Northern Mariana Islands[8] 76.1[8]
44.  Louisiana 76.1
45.  Tennessee 76.0
46.  Oklahoma 76.0
47.  Arkansas 76.0
48.  Kentucky 75.6
49.  Alabama 75.5
50.  Mississippi 74.9
-  American Samoa[8] 74.8[8]
51.  West Virginia 74.8

Past life expectancy, 1960–2018

State/Territory 2019[3] 2010[9] 2000[9] 1990[9] 1980[9] 1970[9] 1960[9] Change
1960-2018









 United States[7] 78.8 78.7 76.8 75.4 73.7 70.8 69.7 Increase 9.1
 Alabama 75.5 75.4 74.4 73.7 72.3 69.2 67.9 Increase 7.6
 Alaska 79.0 78.0 76.2 75.0 72.4 69.2 67.2 Increase 11.8
 American
Samoa
[10]
74.8 71.6 71.4 70.9 70.2 69.3 67.0 Increase 7.8
 Arizona 80.0 79.3 77.1 76.2 74.2 70.9 69.3 Increase 10.7
 Arkansas 76.0 76.0 74.8 74.4 73.3 70.8 69.9 Increase 6.1
 California 81.7 80.6 78.1 75.8 74.3 71.8 70.8 Increase 10.9
 Colorado 80.6 80.1 78.4 77.2 75.4 72.1 70.9 Increase 9.7
 Connecticut 80.9 80.7 78.3 77.1 74.9 72.6 71.1 Increase 9.8
 Delaware 78.5 78.3 76.4 75.0 73.2 69.9 69.1 Increase 9.4
 District of
Columbia
[11]
79.0 76.9 72.1 67.4 68.9 65.2 66.3 Increase 12.7
 Florida 80.2 79.0 77.0 75.7 73.8 70.8 69.9 Increase 10.3
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 77.9 77.3 75.1 73.8 72.1 68.4 67.5 Increase 10.4
 Guam[4] 79.9 77.0 75.0 71.9 69.3 65.7 61.0 Increase 18.9
 Hawaii 82.3 81.4 79.5 78.2 77.1 74.0 71.3 Increase 11.0
 Idaho 79.4 79.4 78.1 77.2 75.2 72.0 71.4 Increase 8.0
 Illinois 79.4 79.0 76.6 74.9 73.3 70.1 69.6 Increase 9.8
 Indiana 77.1 77.5 76.0 75.4 73.9 70.9 70.3 Increase 6.8
 Iowa 79.4 79.6 78.3 77.5 75.8 72.6 71.9 Increase 7.5
 Kansas 78.5 78.6 77.4 77.0 75.2 72.8 71.9 Increase 6.6
 Kentucky 75.6 75.9 75.1 74.4 72.8 70.0 69.6 Increase 6.0
 Louisiana 76.1 75.8 74.1 73.1 71.6 68.7 67.9 Increase 8.2
 Maine 78.7 79.1 77.6 76.6 74.4 70.7 70.2 Increase 8.5
 Maryland 79.2 79.0 76.2 74.9 73.3 70.2 68.6 Increase 10.6
 Massachusetts 80.6 80.5 78.2 76.8 74.8 71.9 70.5 Increase 10.1
 Michigan 78.1 78.0 76.4 75.1 73.7 70.7 70.2 Increase 7.9
 Minnesota 80.9 80.8 79.0 77.8 76.1 73.0 71.8 Increase 9.1
 Mississippi 74.9 74.8 73.4 73.1 71.8 68.4 67.6 Increase 7.3
 Missouri 77.3 77.4 76.0 75.3 73.6 70.6 70.2 Increase 7.1
 Montana 78.9 78.5 77.3 76.4 73.8 70.8 69.6 Increase 9.3
 Nebraska 79.6 79.7 78.3 76.9 75.4 72.5 72.0 Increase 7.6
 Nevada 78.7 77.8 75.9 74.5 72.6 69.3 67.6 Increase 11.1
 New Hampshire 79.7 80.3 78.5 77.0 75.1 71.6 70.7 Increase 9.0
 New Jersey 80.5 80.0 77.3 75.4 73.8 71.0 69.9 Increase 10.6
 New Mexico 78.0 78.2 77.1 76.0 73.8 70.5 69.3 Increase 8.7
 New York 81.4 80.3 77.6 74.6 73.4 70.5 69.7 Increase 11.7
 North Carolina 78.1 77.8 75.6 74.7 73.0 69.3 68.2 Increase 9.9
 North Dakota 79.7 79.7 78.8 77.5 75.6 73.0 71.5 Increase 8.2
 Northern Mariana
Islands
[10]
76.1 76.4 75.8 74.3 73.6 71.4 69.3 Increase 6.8
 Ohio 77.0 77.7 76.3 75.3 73.3 70.8 70.2 Increase 6.8
 Oklahoma 76.0 75.7 75.0 75.0 73.6 71.1 70.8 Increase 5.2
 Oregon 79.9 79.5 77.8 76.5 74.9 72.4 71.0 Increase 8.9
 Pennsylvania 78.4 78.5 76.7 75.4 73.3 70.4 69.5 Increase 8.9
 Puerto Rico[4] 79.8 78.4 76.7 74.2 73.7 71.5 68.7 Increase 11.1
 Rhode Island 79.8 79.5 78.0 76.4 74.6 71.7 70.6 Increase 9.2
 South Carolina 77.1 76.8 74.7 73.6 71.8 68.1 66.1 Increase 11.0
 South Dakota 78.9 79.3 78.0 77.1 74.8 72.3 70.5 Increase 8.4
 Tennessee 76.0 76.2 74.7 74.2 73.1 70.0 69.4 Increase 6.6
 Texas 79.2 78.4 76.5 75.2 73.6 70.8 70.2 Increase 9.0
 Utah 80.1 79.8 78.6 78.0 75.8 72.8 71.8 Increase 8.3
 U.S. Virgin
Islands
[4]
79.6 78.0 76.6 74.2 71.7 69.1 66.2 Increase 13.4
 Vermont 79.8 80.1 78.2 76.7 74.3 71.9 70.4 Increase 9.4
 Virginia 79.5 79.1 76.8 75.3 73.3 70.2 68.7 Increase 10.8
 Washington 80.4 80.1 78.2 76.8 75.0 71.9 71.1 Increase 9.3
 West Virginia 74.8 75.5 74.9 74.4 72.6 69.2 69.6 Increase 5.2
 Wisconsin 79.5 79.6 78.0 76.9 75.3 72.5 71.1 Increase 8.4
 Wyoming 78.9 78.1 77.1 76.4 73.8 70.8 69.2 Increase 9.7
Life Expectancy in the U.S. by race 1900-2019[12]

Life expectancy in counties with 500,000+ people in 2019

Life expectancy by U.S. county (years)[3]
County State Total White Hispanic Black Asian







Los Angeles  California 82.4 81.2 84.4 76.1 87.7
Cook  Illinois 79.7 81.1 85.6 73.3 89
Harris  Texas 79.9 79.2 84.3 74.8 87.5
Maricopa  Arizona 80.5 80.7 81.6 77 87.2
San Diego  California 82.2 81.4 84.1 78.2 87.9
Orange  California 83.2 81.7 84.7 81 88.1
Miami-Dade  Florida 82.4 80.1 84.2 77 91.1
Dallas  Texas 79.1 78.8 84.4 74.9 87.7
Kings  New York 82.9 83.8 83.5 81.4 89.2
Riverside  California 80.9 79.5 83.6 77.5 87
Clark  Nevada 79 77.4 86 74.7 85.4
King  Washington 82.4 82.1 86.4 77.6 87.8
Queens  New York 84.1 82.2 88.3 81.5 89.9
San Bernardino  California 78.8 76.5 81.8 75 86.7
Tarrant  Texas 79.3 78.6 85 76.6 86.8
Bexar  Texas 78.9 78.5 79.6 75.6 87.9
Broward  Florida 81.5 79.6 86.9 80.8 89
Santa Clara  California 84.9 83.1 84.3 79.7 90
Wayne  Michigan 75.5 77.5 80.2 72.2 90.4
Alameda  California 83.1 82.2 84.5 75.7 88.6
New York  New York 85.3 87.6 86 77.1 90.3
Middlesex  Massachusetts 82.4 81.9 89.6 82.7 90.5
Philadelphia  Pennsylvania 76.4 77.2 80 73.6 89.5
Sacramento  California 79.6 78.9 82.8 75.1 84.9
Palm Beach  Florida 82.6 81.9 87 81 92.1
Hillsborough  Florida 79.6 79 82.9 76.5 89.5
Suffolk  New York 80.9 80.6 85.7 78.1 88.9
Orange  Florida 80.6 79.6 83.8 78.3 89.5
Bronx  New York 80.9 79.1 83.4 79 91.7
Nassau  New York 83.1 82.7 87.7 81.2 90.7
Franklin  Ohio 77.2 77.6 90.3 74.3 87.1
Travis  Texas 81.9 81.5 84.9 77.6 88.8
Hennepin  Minnesota 81.3 81.9 88.5 77.3 85.8
Oakland  Michigan 80.4 80.6 83.9 77.2 92.6
Cuyahoga  Ohio 77 78.3 82.7 73.6 89
Allegheny  Pennsylvania 78.1 78.9 90 72.4 86.4
Salt Lake  Utah 79.8 79.4 82.8 75.6 83.8
Contra Costa  California 82.5 81.9 85.2 76.6 88.4
Fairfax  Virginia 85.6 84.7 92 84.1 90.3
Wake  North Carolina 81.8 82.4 87.4 78.1 90.4
Mecklenburg  North Carolina 80.6 81.7 88.6 77 87.3
Fulton Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 79.6 82.8 87.7 75.4 88.9
Collin  Texas 82.7 81.8 87.4 80.4 90
Pima  Arizona 79.5 79.5 80.7 75.7 88.1
Montgomery  Maryland 84.6 83.8 92.4 82.1 90.2
Fresno  California 78.9 78 81 72.1 81.7
St. Louis  Missouri 78 79.9 86.9 71.7 89.1
Pinellas  Florida 79.2 79.1 84.8 74.9 88.4
Duval  Florida 76.1 75.7 83.8 74.2 88.7
Marion  Indiana 76 76.5 86.8 73.3 84.9
Westchester  New York 83.6 83.5 89.1 80.7 92.7
Honolulu  Hawaii 82.5 81.9 76.6 86 83.2
Milwaukee  Wisconsin 76.9 78.6 82.5 71.7 83.5
Gwinnett Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 81.2 80 88.2 80.1 86.7
Fairfield  Connecticut 83 82.8 87.7 80.8 94.2
Shelby  Tennessee 75.5 78 86.5 73.2 86.3
Bergen  New Jersey 83.2 81.9 88.3 80.3 92.4
Denton  Texas 82 81.1 89 80.5 88.6
DuPage  Illinois 82.5 81.8 87.6 78.1 90.6
Erie  New York 78.7 79.4 81.3 74 88.8
Pierce  Washington 79 79 84 76.1 82.8
Prince George's  Maryland 79.6 79.2 86.6 78.6 89.2
Kern  California 77.5 75.6 81.1 72.3 84.1
Hartford  Connecticut 80.2 80.1 81.9 79.1 90.1
Hidalgo  Texas 81.9 81.3 81.3 88.3 94.8
Macomb  Michigan 78 78.3 83 73.5 87.8
San Francisco  California 84 83.3 85.4 73.1 87.8
New Haven  Connecticut 80.1 80 83.7 77.5 98.8
Ventura  California 82.5 81.5 84.7 80.8 89.3
El Paso  Texas 80.1 76.7 81 78.5 86.1
Fort Bend  Texas 83 81.5 86.5 80.5 89
Montgomery  Pennsylvania 80.9 80.8 86.8 77.9 88.6
Snohomish  Washington 80.5 79.7 85.6 83.3 88.7
Worcester  Massachusetts 79.3 79.3 82.1 81.5 90
Baltimore  Maryland 78.1 78 90.5 76.5 89.4
Middlesex  New Jersey 81.7 79.4 85.8 80 90.4
Hamilton  Ohio 76.6 77.7 97.3 73.1 86.1
Multnomah  Oregon 79.7 79.6 85.2 74.1 84.3
Oklahoma  Oklahoma 76.1 76.3 82.4 72.9 83.8
Suffolk  Massachusetts 81.6 80.7 89 79.7 90.9
Essex  New Jersey 79.8 82.1 84.8 75.6 93.8
Essex  Massachusetts 80.2 79.8 86.4 80 89
Lee  Florida 82.5 81.7 85.2 81 97.6
San Joaquin  California 78.6 77.3 81.8 72 83.2
Jefferson  Kentucky 76.1 76.5 89.2 73.3 82.7
Cobb Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 80.7 80.6 88.7 78.7 89.2
DeKalb Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 80.4 82.7 87 78.4 90.4
San Mateo  California 85 83.4 87.8 79 89.5
Polk  Florida 78.6 78.1 82.8 75.7 91
Monroe  New York 79.8 80.7 80.6 74.5 88.4
Denver  Colorado 79.9 81 79.6 75.4 86.5
El Paso  Colorado 78.9 79 79.8 75.3 85.9
District of
Columbia
 District of
Columbia
79 88 88.3 72.7 89.9
Norfolk  Massachusetts 81.9 81.3 88.8 81.7 90.9
Jackson  Missouri 77.2 78.4 83.4 72.8 86.3
Davidson  Tennessee 77 77.7 88.6 74 86.3
Lake  Illinois 81.6 81.4 85.1 75.1 91.2
Will  Illinois 79.8 79.3 85.3 77 92.1
Bernalillo  New Mexico 78.4 79.3 78 74.6 86.4
Hudson  New Jersey 82.6 79.5 86.4 75.8 92.2
Kent  Michigan 80 80.4 85.1 74.7 92.9
Tulsa  Oklahoma 76.8 77.4 85.7 71.3 83.6
Arapahoe  Colorado 81.3 81.2 83.7 79.4 87.6
Jefferson  Alabama 74.6 76 100 72.7 83.6
Utah  Utah 80.6 80.3 86.9 77.9 82.9
Providence  Rhode Island 79.4 78.5 91.3 82.8 85.9
Bucks  Pennsylvania 79.9 79.5 87.8 78.2 89.1
Montgomery  Texas 79.7 78.9 86.5 77.4 92.8
Monmouth  New Jersey 80.6 80.4 83.8 75.8 89.6
Williamson  Texas 82.1 81.3 85.3 79.7 90.1
Ocean  New Jersey 79.1 78.8 85.6 76.5 91.3
Brevard  Florida 77.8 77.2 84.3 76.6 90.2
Johnson  Kansas 81.7 81.7 84.4 76.9 87.2
Washington  Oregon 82.7 82.1 88.7 84.3 87.8
Baltimore City  Maryland 72.8 75.7 92.8 70.6 95.3
Jefferson  Colorado 80.8 81 80 73.4 86.3
Anne Arundel  Maryland 79.3 79.1 86.4 78 85.1
Douglas  Nebraska 79.1 79.5 89.5 73.1 85.8
Pasco  Florida 77.8 76.8 83.8 78.5 87.6
Bristol  Massachusetts 78.7 78.9 84.7 83.6 91.8
Delaware  Pennsylvania 78.6 79 82.9 75.6 91.3
New Castle  Delaware 78.4 78.5 86.1 75.9 90.6
Volusia  Florida 76.8 76 82.4 75.3 86.8
Union  New Jersey 81.6 81.3 87.6 78 91.7
Dane  Wisconsin 81.8 82 85.2 73.7 89.5
Stanislaus  California 78.2 76.5 82.6 73.1 82.9
Ramsey  Minnesota 79.9 80.7 82.9 75.5 80.5
Lancaster  Pennsylvania 80.5 80.5 82.7 77.8 86.9
Guilford  North Carolina 78.1 78.7 88.1 75.6 89.2
Summit  Ohio 77.2 77.8 99.9 72.8 82.6
Greenville  South Carolina 78.4 78.6 86 75.5 87.7
Montgomery  Ohio 74.9 75.5 93.5 71.7 88.4
Kane  Illinois 81.6 80.9 88.2 77.1 87.6
Spokane  Washington 78.6 78.5 84.2 77.4 84.4
Chester  Pennsylvania 81.4 81.3 88.1 75.8 93.8
Plymouth  Massachusetts 79.8 79.5 86.9 85 88.5
Sedgwick  Kansas 77.6 77.9 82.8 72.9 89
Adams  Colorado 79.4 78.6 82.1 76.3 85.8
Camden  New Jersey 77.2 77.5 81.3 73.2 89.4
Passaic  New Jersey 80.6 79.7 87 74 90.5
Clark  Washington 80.1 79.8 85.7 77.2 85.8
Morris  New Jersey 82.6 81.9 88.9 79.5 91.9
Lake  Indiana 76.3 76.8 81.9 72.4 88

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Life Expectancy by County". Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  2. ^ Kopf, Dan; Wolfe, Daniel (December 12, 2018). "Map: What story does your neighborhood's life expectancy tell?". Quartz. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d "Life Expectancy". University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute. 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Life Expectancy at Birth, total (years) - Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands (U.S.)". The World Bank. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  5. ^ "US Health Map". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington. 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  6. ^ Bernstein, Lenny (November 29, 2018). "U.S. life expectancy declines again, a dismal trend not seen since World War I". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  7. ^ a b "2019 mortality" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ a b c d "CIA world factbook". Archived from the original on 2019-01-09. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Journal of the American Medical Association" (PDF).
  10. ^ a b "Country Profiles". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluarion, University of Washington. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  11. ^ "USAmortality.org".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Mortality 2019" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)