The Puente Hills are a chain of hills, one of the lower Transverse Ranges, in an unincorporated area in eastern Los Angeles County, California, in the United States. The western end of the range is often referred to locally as the Whittier Hills.
The Puente Hills lie to the south of the San Gabriel Valley and the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60), to the east of the San Gabriel River Freeway (Interstate 605), to the north of Whittier Boulevard, and to the west of the city of Diamond Bar and Chino Hills. To its north are the City of Industry, Hacienda Heights, and Rowland Heights. To the south are Whittier, La Habra Heights, La Habra and Brea. The Brea-Olinda Oil Field, discovered in 1880 and still producing in 2014, is in the southernmost portion of the hills adjacent to the city of Brea.
The Puente Hills are in the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion of the California Floristic Province. The remnant California native plants here are in the chaparral and oak woodland plant communities, with stands of California native grasses. Vascular Plants of the Whittier Hills, a floristic study, was completed by Julie A. Schneider Ljubenkov and Timothy S. Ross (2001), and published in Crossosoma. It built on the work of Bob Muns.
Rio Hondo College is located at the foot of the western end of the hills, and the Puente Hills Landfill is nearby. Rose Hills Memorial Park occupies portions of the northern area. The highest point in the western hills is Workman Hill, named for the pioneer Workman family. The Puente Hills Mall is located north of the hills. Hsi Lai Temple in Hacienda Heights, the second largest Buddhist temple and monastery in the western hemisphere, is located in the hills.
- Puente Hills Native Habitat Preserve
Puente Hills is home to the Puente Hills Landfill, the country's largest landfill, which closed in 2013. The high-tech landfill has begun offering tours. The Puente Hills Landfill Native Habitat Preservation Authority directs the acquisition, restoration, and management of open space in the Puente Hills for preservation of the land to protect the biological diversity and provide opportunities for outdoor education and low-impact recreation, and scheduled hikes are offered.
- Hellman Wilderness Park
Hellman Wilderness Park is located in the western Puente Hills ("Whittier Hills") with trailheads in Whittier. It is managed by the Puente Hills Habitat Preservation Authority. It has trails into native coastal sage scrub habitats, and up to vistas of the Los Angeles Basin.
- Schabarum Regional Park
A commercial discovery was made in 1897, for what would become the Whittier Oil Field, when a well was drilled to a depth of 984 feet. The location was in the central area of production. By 1903, about 100 wells were in operation and by 1924, there were 163 commercial wells in operation.
There has been a long history of oil drilling in the Puente Hills. In the early 20th century, several companies drilled, including Simon Murphy's Murphy Oil Company. Recently, Matrix Oil has proposed resumption of oil drilling on several acres in the Puente Hills. Oil drilling began to decline in the Puente hills in the 1940s.
History and Legends
In the 1953 film adaptation of H. G. Wells' science-fiction novel The War of the Worlds, the Puente Hills was the location of an unsuccessful attempt to use a nuclear bomb against the Martian invaders.
- Chino Hills
- San Rafael Hills
- San Gabriel Mountains
- Santa Ana Mountains
- Verdugo Mountains
- Turnbull Canyon
- "Puente Hills". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Muns, Bob. "Flora of the Skyline Trail, Puente Hills, Los Angeles County". Tom Chester. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- www.npr.org "The Nation's Largest Landfill Beckons Tourists"- access date: 6/7/2010
- Puentehillslandfill.org . access date: 6/7/2010
- Habitatauthority.org: park map Archived 2011-05-27 at the Wayback Machine
- Habitatauthority.org: image Archived 2011-05-27 at the Wayback Machine . access date: 6/7/2010
- LAMountains.com: Hellman Wilderness Park
- Puente Hills Habitat Preservation Authority website
- Hiking Around Turnbull Canyon Trail in Hellman Wilderness Park, Whittier.
- "Los Angeles County Department of Parks and Recreation -Parks - Full List of Parks - Peter F. Schabarum Regional Park". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Schabarum Regional Park Support Foundation
- Holman, W.H. (1943). Whittier Oil Field, in Geologic Formations and Economic Development of the Oil and Gas Fields of California, Bulletin 118. San Francisco: State of California Dept. of Natural Resources Division of Mines. pp. 288–291.
- Michael Keating. Black Gold in the Golden State:The role of oil in the development of the Puente Hills. Claremont College History Department (2006). https://habitatauthority.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/petroleum_history.pdf
- John Garside & Marty Shields. Forgotten Tales - The Electrodome. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bb-beiXJMDg
- John Garside & Marty Shields. Forgotten Tales - The Crash of Flight 416 West. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BWCVhJlRdpQ
- Trailers from Hell - War of the Worlds. https://trailersfromhell.com/the-war-of-the-worlds/
- John Garside & Marty Shields. Forgotten Tales - Nike Missile Bases LA-29 & LA-14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kaoBeklaMo
- Lindsay Blake. Go Back to the Future with these L.A. Film Locations (March 2019). https://www.discoverlosangeles.com/things-to-do/go-back-to-the-future-with-these-la-film-locations
- Etheredge, E. C.; Porcella, R. L. (1987), Strong-motion data from the October 1, 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake, Geological Survey Open-File Report OSMS 87-616, United States Geological Survey, pp. 1, 3
- John Garside & Marty Shields. Forgotten Tales - Quake City '87. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zudkNi6OVyE
- Carlo Alcos. The World's Most Offensive Landfills (2009). https://matadornetwork.com/change/the-worlds-most-offensive-landfills/
- The Atlantic. Touring the Largest Active Landfill in America. (April 5, 2013). https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/04/touring-the-largest-active-landfill-in-america/274731/