Shasta County, California

Shasta County, California
County of Shasta
Shasta Dam Colored.jpg
Lassen-Peak-Large.jpg
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay.jpg
Images, from top down: Shasta Dam at the southern end of Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, Sundial Bridge
Official seal of Shasta County, California
Seal
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country United States
State California
RegionSacramento Valley/Cascade Range
Incorporated1850
Named forMount Shasta,[note 1] which was named after the Shasta people
County seatRedding
Largest cityRedding
Area
 • Total9,960 km2 (3,847 sq mi)
 • Land9,780 km2 (3,775 sq mi)
 • Water190 km2 (72 sq mi)
Population
 • Total177,223
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
180,040
 • Density18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Websitewww.co.shasta.ca.us

Shasta County, officially the County of Shasta, is a county in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 177,223.[1] The county seat is Redding.[3]

Shasta County comprises the Redding, California Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county occupies the northern reaches of the Sacramento Valley, with portions extending into the southern reaches of the Cascade Range.

Points of interest in Shasta County include Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, and the Sundial Bridge.

History

Shasta County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Siskiyou County in 1852, and to Tehama County in 1856.

The county was named after Mount Shasta; the name is derived from the English equivalent for the Shasta people, the name of a Native American tribe that once lived in the area, but they were ethnically cleansed from the area in the 1850's.[4] The name of the tribe was spelled in various ways until the present version was used when the county was established. Originally Mt. Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County, to the north. Its 14,179-foot (4,322 m) peak is visible throughout most of Shasta County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,847 square miles (9,960 km2), of which 3,775 square miles (9,780 km2) is land and 72 square miles (190 km2) (1.9%) is water.[5] Mountains line the county on the east, north and west. The Sacramento River flows out of the mountains to the north, through the center of the county, and toward the Sacramento Valley to the south.

Flora and fauna

According to Willis Linn Jepson the biota of Shasta County were not explored in a scientific manner until just before the year 1900. Up until the 1920s the Southern Pacific Railroad Company owned vast tracts of natural grasslands; however, during the 1920s the railroad sold off much of its grassland holdings, leading to the rapid clearing of brush and large scale conversion from habitat to agricultural uses.[6] Shasta County has extensive forests, which cover over one half the land area with commercially productive forest systems.[7] Common forest alliances include mixed oak woodland and mixed conifer-oak woodland as well as douglas fir forest. Common trees found include White-bark pine,[8] California Black Oak and California Buckeye.[9]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Shasta at one time favored the Democratic Party in Presidential elections. It went Democratic in all but one presidential election from 1932 to 1976, and was one of the few counties in the state to be won by George McGovern. However, since 1980, it has become one of the most Republican counties in the state in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Presidential elections results
Shasta County vote
by party in presidential elections
[12]
YearGOPDEMOthers
201663.90% 51,77827.52% 22,3018.57% 6,945
201262.83% 48,06733.75% 25,8193.42% 2,615
200861.68% 49,58835.91% 28,8672.41% 1,935
200467.22% 52,24931.31% 24,3391.47% 1,143
200065.04% 43,27830.25% 20,1274.71% 3,139
199655.17% 34,73633.11% 20,84811.72% 7,377
199241.24% 28,19031.61% 21,60527.16% 18,564
198859.36% 32,40238.79% 21,1711.85% 1,012
198462.19% 33,04136.32% 19,2981.48% 788
198058.09% 27,54732.40% 15,3649.50% 4,507
197645.63% 17,27350.72% 19,2003.65% 1,381
197246.68% 16,61848.35% 17,2144.97% 1,771
196840.44% 11,82149.64% 14,5109.92% 2,899
196432.37% 9,17867.52% 19,1420.11% 30
196038.94% 9,46260.45% 14,6910.61% 148
195643.84% 8,83355.78% 11,2390.38% 77
195256.43% 10,07342.89% 7,6560.68% 122
194839.69% 5,01056.86% 7,1773.45% 436
194440.87% 4,02358.90% 5,7980.22% 22
194030.70% 3,90968.03% 8,6621.27% 162
193628.75% 2,15969.72% 5,2361.53% 115
193223.90% 1,38272.12% 4,1703.98% 230
192852.20% 2,30145.94% 2,0251.86% 82
192441.95% 1,95112.86% 59845.20% 2,102
192062.07% 2,10830.27% 1,0287.66% 260
191637.20% 2,00852.39% 2,82810.41% 562
19120.34% 1643.55% 2,04056.11% 2,628
190847.61% 1,89134.97% 1,38917.42% 692
190455.10% 1,89127.24% 93517.66% 606
190044.70% 1,68151.79% 1,9483.51% 132
189637.55% 1,21060.09% 1,9362.36% 76
189242.77% 1,23439.41% 1,13717.81% 514

In the United States House of Representatives, Shasta County is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[13]

In the California State Legislature, Shasta County is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle,[14] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Megan Dahle.[15]

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Redding Area Bus Authority (RABA) provides service in and around Redding. One route operates to Burney via State Route 299.

Amtrak's Coast Starlight serves Redding Station once a day in each direction.[citation needed]

Airports

Redding Municipal Airport has scheduled passenger flights. Other (general aviation) airports within the county include Benton Field (near Redding), Fall River Mills Airport, and Shingletown Airport.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Shasta County had a population of 177,223. The racial makeup of Shasta County was 153,726 (86.7%) White, 1,548 (0.9%) African American, 4,950 (2.8%) Native American, 4,391 (2.5%) Asian, 271 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 4,501 (2.5%) from other races, and 7,836 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,878 persons (8.4%).[25]

2000

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850378
18604,3601,053.4%
18704,173−4.3%
18809,492127.5%
189012,13327.8%
190017,31842.7%
191018,9209.3%
192013,361−29.4%
193013,9274.2%
194028,800106.8%
195036,41326.4%
196059,46863.3%
197077,64030.6%
1980115,71549.0%
1990147,03627.1%
2000163,25611.0%
2010177,2238.6%
Est. 2018180,040[2]1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[26]
1790-1960[27] 1900–1990[28]
1990-2000[29] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[30] of 2000, there were 163,256 people, 63,426 households, and 44,017 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 68,810 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.3% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 2.8% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.7% were of German, 12.3% English, 11.2% Irish, 9.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 3.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 63,426 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,335, and the median income for a family was $40,491. Males had a median income of $35,959 versus $24,773 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,738. About 11.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government and policing

Shasta County government

Shasta County Sheriff

The sheriff provides prison administration and coroner services for the entire county and patrol, investigative, and coroner services for the unincorporated portions of the county.

Municipal police

Redding and Anderson have municipal police departments.

Annual events

  • Kool April Nites (April): A classic car show
  • Rodeo Week Festivities (May)
  • Art Fair and Fiddler’s Jamboree (May)
  • Whiskeytown Regatta (May)
  • Watershed Festival (May)
  • Strawberry Festival (May)
  • Shasta Dragonwood Celtic Faire (May)
  • Redding Exchange Club Air Show (June)
  • Shasta District Fair (June)
  • Fall River Valley Century Bike Ride (July)
  • Fourth of July Fireworks Celebration (July)
  • Burney Basin Days (July)
  • Fall River Valley Wild Rice Festival (Aug)
  • Intermountain Fair, Fall River Valley (September) The Shasta County Fair
  • Stillwater Pow Wow (September)
  • Walk To End Alzheimer's (September)
  • Big Bike Weekend (October)
  • Fall River Valley Lights of Christmas Parade (December)

Education

High schools and below

  • 43 elementary schools
  • 10 junior high schools
  • 8 high schools
  • 35 private schools

Colleges and universities

Shasta County has four colleges and universities:

Housing

  • Median price for a house is about $183,000 as of early 2014.[31]
  • Median rental rate is $700/month.[citation needed]

Points of interest

Bailey Cove Campground near Lake Shasta within the Shasta-Trinity National Forest.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Shasta County.[32]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)

1 ReddingCity89,861
2Shasta LakeCity10,164
3AndersonCity9,932
4CottonwoodCDP3,316
5BurneyCDP3,154
6Bella VistaCDP2,781
7ShingletownCDP2,283
8ShastaCDP1,771
9Palo CedroCDP1,269
10Mountain GateCDP943
11MillvilleCDP727
12Fall River MillsCDP573
13LakeheadCDP461
14KeswickCDP451
15French GulchCDP346
16McArthurCDP338
17Hat CreekCDP309
18CasselCDP207
19Montgomery CreekCDP163
20Round MountainCDP155
21Big BendCDP102
22Old StationCDP51
23Redding Rancheria[33]AIAN34
24Roaring Creek Rancheria[34]AIAN14
25Montgomery Creek Rancheria[35]AIAN12
26Big Bend Rancheria[36]AIAN9

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Originally, Mount Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County
  2. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  3. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  4. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  5. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  6. ^ Data unavailable

References

  1. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ Clarke, Chris. "Untold History: The Survival of California's Indians".
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ Mary C. Brinton, Victor Nee and Robert K. Merton (2001) The New Institutionalism in Sociology, Stanford University PressISBN 0-8047-4276-6, 352 pages
  7. ^ Forest Survey Release (1952) By California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California, no. 13-3
  8. ^ George Bishop Sudworth (1908) Forest Trees of the Pacific Slope, United States Forest Service, published by the United States G.P.O., Washington DC
  9. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Aesculus californica, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-22. Retrieved 2012-11-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  13. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
  14. ^ "Communities of Interest - Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  15. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  17. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  18. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  19. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  20. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  21. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  22. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  23. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  24. ^ Data unavailable
  25. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  26. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  27. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  28. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  29. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  30. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  31. ^ "Zillow". Zillow.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  32. ^ "Census Coverage Measurement". Census.gov. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  33. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Redding Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  34. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Roaring Creek Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  35. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Montgomery Creek Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  36. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search : Big Bend Rancheria". Census.gov. Retrieved 7 November 2017.

External links

Coordinates: 40°46′N 122°02′W / 40.76°N 122.04°W / 40.76; -122.04