Trinity County, California
County of Trinity
Weaverville Historic District-3.jpg
Hayfork Creek.jpg
Trinity lake California.jpg
WEAVERVILLE JOSS HOUSE STATE HISTORIC PARK - CALIFORNIA.jpg
Official seal of Trinity County, California
Seal
Interactive map of Trinity County
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
Country United States
State California
RegionNorth Coast
IncorporatedFebruary 18, 1850[1]
Named forTrinity River
County seatWeaverville
Largest communityWeaverville
Area
 • Total8,310 km2 (3,208 sq mi)
 • Land8,230 km2 (3,179 sq mi)
 • Water70 km2 (28 sq mi)
Population
 • Total13,786
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
12,285
 • Density1.7/km2 (4.3/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area code530
FIPS code06-105
GNIS feature ID277317
Websitewww.trinitycounty.org

Trinity County is a county in the northwestern part of the state of California. Trinity County is rugged, mountainous, heavily forested, and lies along the Trinity River within the Salmon and Klamath Mountains. It is also one of three counties in California with no incorporated cities.[4]

Weaverville has the distinction of housing some of California's oldest buildings. The courthouse, built in 1856, is the second oldest in the state, and the Weaverville Drug Store has been filling prescriptions since 1852. The Joss House is a historic Taoist temple built in 1873.

As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,786,[2] making it the fourth least-populous county in California. The county seat and largest community is Weaverville.[5]

History

The county takes its name from the Trinity River, named in 1845 by Major Pierson B. Reading, who was under the mistaken impression that the river emptied into Trinidad Bay. Trinity is the English translation of Trinidad.

Trinity County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to Klamath County in 1852 and to Humboldt County in 1853.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,208 square miles (8,310 km2), of which 3,179 square miles (8,230 km2) is land and 28 square miles (73 km2) (0.9%) is water.[6] The county contains a significant portion of Shasta-Trinity National Forest and the Trinity Alps Wilderness--the second largest wilderness in California.

Trinity County is made up of five census tracts. Census Tract 1.01 includes the communities of Douglas City, Lewiston, Trinity Center, and part of Coffee Creek and Weaverville. Notable features are Trinity Dam and Lake, Lewiston Dam and Lake, the Trinity River, and the Lewiston Valley. It has a population of 2585 people in 550 square miles, leading to a population density of 4.7 people per square mile.[7] Census Tract 1.02 includes most of Weaverville and Coffee Creek. It is the most populous census tract in the county, with 4558 people. It has 449 square miles, leading to a population density of 10.2 people per square mile. Notable features are the Weaver Basin, the Trinity Alps, Scott Mountain, and the upper Trinity River.[8] Census Tract 2 includes the Downriver area of Trinity County. This means the communities of Junction City, Big Flat, Big Bar, Burnt Ranch, Hawkins Bar, and Salyer. It includes 2024 people, and notable features are the Trinity River, the Trinity Alps, and the New River.[9] Census Tract 3 includes the communities of Hayfork, Hyampom, and Wildwood. It has 3105 people in 600 square miles, leading to a population density of 5.2 people per square mile. Notable features are the South Fork of the Trinity River, South Fork Mountain, Hayfork Valley, Hyampom Valley, Chanchellula Peak, and Hayfork Bally. Census Tract 4 is the largest by area but the least populous census tract in the county with 975 people. It contains 833 square miles, leading to a population density of 1.2 people per square mile. The largest community by far is Mad River, with other smaller ones being Ruth, Kettenpom, and Zenia. Notable features include South Fork Mountain, the Mad River, the Van Duzen River, Ruth Lake, Ruth Valley, Kettenpom Valley, and Hoaglin Valley.

The county hosts many visitors, especially during summer months, for camping, backpacking, boating on the lakes, rafting/kayaking on the rivers, hunting, and fishing. The summers tend to be clear, sunny, warm, and very dry, with little rain from June to September except for some mountain thunderstorms in the highest elevations. Summer days in the populated areas of the county range from 90 to 97 degrees, and summer nights range from 45 to 55. Winter days range from 40 to 50, and nights range from 25 to 35. The winters tend to have copious precipitation, increasing with elevation and falling mostly as rain under 1000m/3300 ft in the valley bottoms, and mostly as snow over 1000m/3300 ft on the mountainsides. December, January, and February are the wettest. The precipitation ranges from 30 to 35 inches at low elevations isolated from coastal influence, such as Big Bar, Hayfork, and Weaverville, up to 55 or 60 inches at high elevations, on the coastal side of South Fork Mountain, or where gaps in the mountain allow for precipitation to get through. Examples of this last phenomenon include Salyer and Forest Glen. Kalmia Lake, at nearly 7500 feet in the Canyon Creek area of the Trinity Alps, is reputed to be the snowiest place in California, outpacing Lake Helen in Mount Lassen National Park, which receives 600-700 inches of snow each winter. Average snowfall in the populated parts of the county ranges from 0-5 inches in the lower Trinity Valley to at least 100 inches in places above 4000 feet, such as Indian Valley west of Hayfork.

There is an extensive wild river and stream system, and the terrain is quite rugged and forested, with the highest point at Mount Eddy, over 9,000 ft (2,700 m). The Klamath Mountains occupy the vast portion of the county.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Politics

Trinity was a Republican-leaning county in Presidential and congressional elections until recently; now it is a tossup. No Democrat had won the county since Jimmy Carter in 1976 until Barack Obama defeated John McCain by a 4% margin (50% to 46%) in 2008. In 2012, the county again voted Republican, but narrowly. Voter registration reflects this trend, with Democratic and Republican registration in a near dead heat (D: 2,710, R: 2,716). Third-party candidates tend to do rather well in Trinity County: George Wallace got over 13% of the county's vote in 1968, and it was the only California county carried by Ross Perot in 1992. It was also Perot's best performance in the state in 1996, although he didn't carry it again. John Anderson also did very well in 1980, as did third-party candidates in 2016.

Presidential elections results
Trinity County vote
by party in presidential elections
[16]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 48.62% 2,812 38.28% 2,214 13.10% 758
2012 47.33% 2,716 46.59% 2,674 6.08% 349
2008 45.72% 2,940 50.28% 3,233 4.00% 257
2004 54.66% 3,560 42.71% 2,782 2.63% 171
2000 57.62% 3,340 33.33% 1,932 9.06% 525
1996 42.93% 2,530 37.38% 2,203 19.69% 1,160
1992 31.28% 1,886 32.63% 1,967 36.09% 2,176
1988 54.63% 3,267 42.11% 2,518 3.26% 195
1984 59.71% 3,544 37.37% 2,218 2.91% 173
1980 54.96% 3,048 31.27% 1,734 13.77% 764
1976 45.66% 1,989 49.86% 2,172 4.48% 195
1972 50.75% 1,868 44.04% 1,621 5.22% 192
1968 43.12% 1,426 43.33% 1,433 13.54% 448
1964 36.41% 1,252 63.25% 2,175 0.35% 12
1960 38.35% 1,418 61.17% 2,262 0.49% 18
1956 50.42% 1,447 48.99% 1,406 0.59% 17
1952 57.14% 1,697 41.82% 1,242 1.04% 31
1948 45.08% 975 48.68% 1,053 6.24% 135
1944 42.22% 567 57.33% 770 0.45% 6
1940 34.79% 780 63.83% 1,431 1.38% 31
1936 30.87% 655 67.11% 1,424 2.03% 43
1932 21.09% 318 73.01% 1,101 5.90% 89
1928 48.85% 447 47.32% 433 3.83% 35
1924 36.48% 336 16.72% 154 46.80% 431
1920 62.89% 622 28.82% 285 8.29% 82
1916 35.16% 424 54.81% 661 10.03% 121
1912 0.10% 1 46.29% 461 53.62% 534
1908 44.41% 393 37.40% 331 18.19% 161
1904 54.11% 467 35.69% 308 10.20% 88
1900 52.36% 544 46.68% 485 0.96% 10
1896 46.44% 502 50.42% 545 3.15% 34
1892 50.82% 495 46.92% 457 2.26% 22

Trinity County is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[17]

In the state legislature Trinity is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire,[18] and the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.[19]

In 2010, Trinity County voted against Proposition 19, which would have taxed and regulated marijuana.

In 2016 Trinity County residents were asked again to vote on legalization of state-level recreational marijuana, facilitated by the Adult Use of Marijuana Act (AUMA), also known as California Proposition 64. The measure passed with 50.1% in favor of legalization.[20] Statewide, the measure passed with 57.1% of the vote.[21]

Voter registration statistics

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Timelapse of section of Trinity County, California, looking at evidence of clear-cut logging over the years 1972–1994. Data from Landsat satellites.

Trinity Transit provides weekday intercity bus service on State Routes 3 and 299, with connecting service in Willow Creek and Redding. Service is also provided from Weaverville to Lewiston (MWF) and Hayfork (daily).

Airports

The county owns five general aviation airports: Trinity Center Airport, Weaverville Airport, Hayfork Airport, Hyampom Airport and Ruth Airport.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Trinity County had a population of 13,786. The racial makeup of Trinity County was 12,033 (87.3%) White, 59 (0.4%) African American, 655 (4.8%) Native American, 94 (0.7%) Asian, 16 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 217 (1.6%) from other races, and 712 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 959 persons (7.0%).[32]

2000

Historical population
Census Pop.
18501,635
18605,125213.5%
18703,213−37.3%
18804,99955.6%
18903,719−25.6%
19004,38317.9%
19103,301−24.7%
19202,551−22.7%
19302,80910.1%
19403,97041.3%
19505,08728.1%
19609,70690.8%
19707,615−21.5%
198011,85855.7%
199013,06310.2%
200013,022−0.3%
201013,7865.9%
2019 (est.)12,285[3]−10.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[33]
1790-1960[34] 1900-1990[35]
1990-2000[36] 2010-2015[2]

As of the census[37] of 2000, there were 13,022 people, 5,587 households, and 3,625 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km2). There were 7,980 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.9% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 4.9% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. 4.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.1% were of German, 13.4% English, 12.1% Irish and 9.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.3% spoke English and 1.8% Spanish as their first language.

There were 5,587 households, out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 104.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.6 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,711, and the median income for a family was $34,343. Males had a median income of $31,131 versus $24,271 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,868. About 14.1% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Community Descriptions

  • Burnt Ranch (CDP, 281) is a small, rural community on Highway 299 in the Downriver area of the county. It lies above Burnt Ranch Gorge, a famed whitewater stretch of the Trinity River. The area around it is steep and forested, but there are many agricultural flats in the community proper. There is a volunteer fire department and an elementary school, and there is possibly a store, although it may be closed. The name either comes from a settler's ranch that was burned by Indians or an Indian camp that was burned by settlers.
  • Coffee Creek (CDP, 217) is a small resort community on Highway 3 north of Trinity Lake. It sits where Coffee Creek meets the Trinity River. The community takes most of its economy from tourism, since it serves as the base camp for a popular trailhead into the Trinity Alps Wilderness. There are several guest ranches and resorts surrounding the community as well. It is home to a store, a pizza place, a campground and RV park, a church, and a fire department, as well as many guest accommodations in the surrounding area.
  • Douglas City (CDP, 713) is a medium sized community centered on Highway 299 and the Trinity River south of Weaverville. The homes are clustered around the river, although there are many elsewhere. The businesses in the town include a store, a fire department, and an elementary school. There are resorts and guest accommodations scattered along the river throughout the area.
  • Hayfork (CDP, 2368) is the second largest community in the county. It lies in the Hayfork Valley, the largest agricultural region in the county, and derives a significant part of the economy from ranching. It used to be a mill town as well until the closing of the Sierra Pacific mill in the 1990s due to reduced timber stocks, consolidation, and environmental regulations. There are many businesses in the town, but some significant ones include the Hayfork Hotel, Ernie's Drugstore, Wiley's Supermarket, Hayfork Garage, and Nor'el'pom Natural Foods.
  • Hyampom (CDP, 241) is the only CDP along the South Fork Trinity River. It lies in the Hyampom Valley, one of the largest agricultural areas in the county, and one of the main economic drivers is vineyards. It sits at the foot of South Fork Mountain at the confluence of Hayfork Creek and the South Fork. The South Fork is one of the largest undammed watersheds in California, and provides critical habitat for salmon and steelhead, although the populations were decimated by the 1964 floods and are still slowly recovering. The businesses in the valley are a bar, a bar and grill, a general store, a vineyard, a community center, and an elementary school that runs off and on.
  • Junction City (CDP, 680) is the most populous and uppermost community in the Downriver area. It is marked by a large flat along the Trinity River covered in gravel from gold mining in the 19th century. It is located where Canyon Creek meets the river, and 15 miles up the creek lies the Canyon Creek Trailhead, the most popular trailhead into the Trinity Alps. The community's businesses consists of an elementary school, a store, a cafe, and a fire department.
  • Lewiston (CDP, 1193) is the third largest community in the county. Prior to the Trinity River Project that built Trinity and Lewiston Dams, Lewiston was a small country crossroads, but during construction a large community was built to house the workers and it stands to this day as the center of Trinity River recreation, including fly fishing, swimming, boating, rafting, and more.
  • Mad River (CDP, 420) is one of two CDPs in the county not in the Trinity River watershed, the other being Ruth. It lies along the Mad River where Highway 36 crosses it. Unlike the north part of the county, Mad River is surrounded by rolling hills and mixed oak woodlands and Douglas fir forests. The businesses in the community include a burger joint, a church, a fire department, an elementary school, and a high school, one of three in the county.
  • Ruth (CDP, 195) is the second CDP outside of the Trinity River basin, and the smallest in the county. It lies in the Ruth Valley south of Ruth Lake. The economy centers on Ruth Lake and the tourism attracted by it. Businesses include a church, a cafe, and many resorts and campgrounds.
  • Trinity Center (CDP, 267) is the largest community on Trinity Lake, which brings in tourism and sustains the economy of the town. It used to lie at the bottom of a valley that was flooded by Trinity Lake in the 1950s, when it was moved to its current location along with several historic buildings. It is home to the busiest airport in the county.
  • Trinity Village (CDP, 297), locally known as Hawkins Bar, is a community in the Downriver area. The only non-accommodation business is a bar and grill. It's economy is based off of recreation on the Trinity River.
  • Weaverville (CDP, 3600) is the county seat and by far the largest community in the county. It is nestled along Weaver Creek in the Weaver Basin along Highway 299. It got its beginnings as a Gold Rush town, and there are still many historic buildings, including several of the oldest brick buildings in the state and the oldest county courthouse. There was a thriving Chinese community at the height of the Gold Rush, and a state park today houses the oldest Taoist temple in the state, the Joss House.

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Trinity County.[38]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Weaverville CDP 3,600
2 Hayfork CDP 2,368
3 Lewiston CDP 1,193
4 Douglas City CDP 713
5 Junction City CDP 680
6 Mad River CDP 420
7 Round Valley Reservation[39] (partially in Mendocino County) AIAN 401
8 Trinity Village CDP 297
9 Burnt Ranch CDP 281
10 Trinity Center CDP 267
11 Hyampom CDP 241
12 Coffee Creek CDP 217
13 Ruth CDP 195

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  2. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  3. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  4. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native

References

  1. ^ "Chronology". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  4. ^ California State Association of Counties. "Cities Within Each County", ""California State Association of Counties"", Retrieved on 4 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ "Census profile: Census Tract 1.01, Trinity, CA". Census Reporter. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  8. ^ "Census Tract, Census Tract 1.02, Trinity County, California". www.usboundary.com. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  9. ^ "Trinity County | Place Rankings | Data Commons". datacommons.org. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  10. ^ "Shasta-Trinity National Forest - Home". Fs.usda.gov. August 22, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  11. ^ "Six Rivers National Forest - Home". Fs.usda.gov. August 24, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  12. ^ "Mendocino National Forest - Home". Fs.usda.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  13. ^ "Shasta-Trinity National Forest - About the Forest". Fs.usda.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  14. ^ "Shasta-Trinity National Forest - Trinity Alps Wilderness". Fs.usda.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  15. ^ "Mendocino National Forest - Yolla Bolly-Middle Eel Wilderness". Fs.usda.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  17. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  18. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  19. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  20. ^ "CA Prop 64 state and county votes". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  21. ^ "Ballotpedia California Prop 64 (2016)". Ballotpedia. Ballotpedia.com. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived July 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  24. ^ a b c Caltrans, State of California. "QuickMap". quickmap.dot.ca.gov.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  26. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  27. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  28. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  29. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  30. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  31. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  32. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  33. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  34. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  35. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  36. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  37. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  38. ^ CNMP, US Census Bureau. "This site has been redesigned and relocated. - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov.
  39. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "2010 Census Interactive Population Map (Text Version) - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov.

External links


Coordinates: 40°40′N 123°07′W / 40.66°N 123.12°W / 40.66; -123.12